1: Dr. Edward W. Hook, III Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology at the University of Alabama, Birmingham, and Director of the STD Control Program for the Jefferson County Department of Health.
2: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the United States. 2008.
3: Owusu-Edusei K, Jr, Chesson HW, Gift TL et al. The estimated direct medical cost of selected sexually transmitted infections in the United States, 2008. Sex Transm Dis. 2013;40(3):197-201. [PubMed]
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5: Cuffe, Kendra M. et al. Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing Among Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States. Journal of Adolescent Health 2016, 58(5), 512-519.
6: CDC Fact Sheet: Reported STDs in the United States 2015 National Data for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis.
7: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2012 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance. Accessed at www.cdc.gov/std/stats12/toc.htm
8: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CDC Grand Rounds: Chlamydia prevention: challenges and strategies for reducing disease burden and sequelae. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011;60:370-3. [PMID: 21451447]
9: GW and Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of 2009 and 2014 Health Center Patient Survey Data.